Facts About The Canary

It sounds so simple, breeding canaries. Before you jump to the conclusion it will be easy to just jump into becoming one of the canary breeders you need to look a little deeper.

How To Know If Your Canary Is a Male Or Female?

The starting point to all challenges for canary breeders starts with discovering which birds are male and female. If someone tries to tell you they can tell simply by looking they are full of hot air. A male and female canary look identical. The only items which will help you separate your birds are watching which ones lay eggs, and which ones sing. The males are the prolific singers, which is the trait most breeders use to help determine sex.

female canary

What Kind Of Canary To Breed?

You are going to need to make a decision very early, too. What kind of canaries do you intend to breed? Are you wanting to raise show birds, color bred canaries, song bred canaries or just common canaries? Yes, there are many different ways to breed canaries all with their own challenges.

If you choose to start breeding show birds you are going to enter the wild and wonderful world of seeking perfection. As an example, a breeder of Yorkshire Canaries is required to aim for the perfect colors, length of feathers, the proper stance, and even the proper size. Think about the challenges of breeding birds attempting to hit 6.75 inches all the time.

To hit this level of perfection canary breeders must become meticulous about culling out birds. If a bird does not meet the standards it is removed from the breeding stock. If the infants of a bird do not meet the standards, then the breeder must be removed from the breeding stock. Many times it takes years to establish good breeding stock, and then to keep tweaking the mix to keep your lineage going.

Pet Medical Insurance – Removing The Financial Fear Of Pet Ownership

How To Meet Show Standards

Color bred canaries present interesting challenges for canary breeders, too. Instead of trying to meet show standards they are seeking to hit beautiful color standards and mixes. Their birds demand higher prices in pet stores because the colors are unique and stand out from the crowd.

The canaries bred for singing are equally challenging. These canary breeders choose the birds with the most beautiful voices and greatest range of songs and then breed them to keep enhancing the singing capability. They remove birds from their breeding stock who are not excellent singers. This is another trait which increases the value of their birds.

Even if you choose to breed common canaries, you still face the fun of setting up the cages, caring for the eggs, making sure to provide the right mix of foods to ensure the healthiest offspring. Canary breeders can have a lot of fun, but they work diligently to make sure they care for their birds and work to produce the highest quality for their customers. Their knowledge of their birds, their traits, and their lineage is often exhaustive. They know by being highly informed they can produce extraordinary birds. Are you ready to begin the adventure in breeding canaries?

Reptile Terrarium – Do You Need An Aquarium, Terrarium, or a Cage

Canary Food

Are you just starting out with your first canary? You bought a nice cage, you have the water bottle, you bought a box of bird seed. You are ready to bring the bird home, right? Not even close, you are just getting started with the proper canary food for your bird.

canary seed

Choosing The Right Type Of Food

Did the person in the pet supply shop tell you the bird seed contained everything your canary would need? While many types of canary food contain a mixture of ingredients it still is not everything you will need for your new canary.

Take a look at the back of the box for the ingredient list. Is there a wide variety of seeds or just one? Your canary food should include many types of seeds including rapeseed, canary grass seed, niger seed, and may include many other kinds. A high level of variety is healthy for your canary, providing them a wider nutritional profile, and a more interesting diet.

While looking at the box of canary food look to see what else is included. Some products include dried eggs, wheat, corn, and other items. Larger grains will need to have been ground to make them small enough for your bird to consume.

Even though some varieties of food include dried green vegetables and fruit, make sure to provide your canary with fresh foods every day, too. The fresh greens, like lettuce, provide them with added moisture and fiber to help their digestive systems to keep working properly. Leaving out the fresh foods will end up giving your bird constipation and unwanted problems.

Keep Their Beak In Top Condition

One other item to add to your list of canary food is the cuttlebone. Your canary needs the cuttlebone to keep their beak in top condition, for the added calcium, iron, and other trace minerals.

You will discover some canary food mixtures include added oils. Some owners and breeders feel the added oils are healthy for their birds, others feel the birds are getting plenty of natural oils from the seeds they have in their diet.

Always Give Fresh Water To Your Bird

While technically not food, water is one of the most critical elements in your canary’s diet. You must remove the bottle and give you canary completely fresh water daily. The quality of the canary food and water plays an immense role in the health of your bird. If you do not give them high quality food, and plenty of fresh water, they will suffer and become ill.

The best news about canary food is the price. Canary food is very inexpensive, and buying a variety is a good idea. While one food may be lacking in one area, another food may cover those needs. Vary your birds diet occasionally just as they would in the wild. Not every day would be filled with the same menu as the seasons go by.

Once you have taken care of getting these few other items on hand, and making sure your canary food is complete, then you are ready to bring home a canary. You will be prepared to care for them, and enjoy all the great benefits of becoming a canary owner.

Canary Seed

How would you like your canary to act? Are you wanting a happy energetic, singing canary? Canary seed can make the difference between having a bird you enjoy watching and hearing, to one who sits in their cage sulking all day.

Do you not believe their food can make so much difference? Then try this, for the next week eat only oatmeal. See what your mood is like at the end of one week. You can eat plenty of oatmeal to have adequate calories, but your nutritional mix is weak, and so is your enjoyment of your food. Variety makes a major difference in our happiness and health, just like it does for your canary.

What should you look for in your choice of canary seed? One of the biggest factors is to make sure it includes a wide variety of seeds. You may discover your canary is a picky eater and eats high amounts of a few kinds of seeds and ignores others at first. Then if you watch carefully, they often switch which seeds they are eating, and ignore others. They are listening to their own body’s demands, and their desire for variety and eating appropriately.

What Type Of Seeds Should You Use

What are some of the seeds which should be in your canary food? Look for rape seed, niger seed, canary grass seed, flax seed, oat groats, sesame seeds, caraway seeds, anise seeds and others.

Often canary seed does not only contain seeds. Some varieties carry small pieces of fruit, eggs mixtures, soybean meal, and other additives to increase the nutritional level. Your bird may like all these added items or may choose to ignore them.

Why You Should Use Fresh Greens

One item you must consistently add to your canary’s diet is fresh greens. Add another feeding tray to hold the lettuce, cucumber, or other vegetable greens for your canary to eat. This helps to balance their diet and keeps them from becoming constipated. Seed formulations which claim to have vegetable greens included doesn’t count. Those are dried ingredients, not fresh.

The only way you are going to discover the perfect canary food for your bird is to do a bit of experimentation. Do not limit yourself to trying one variety and sticking with it forever. Vary your purchases occasionally to increase the variety. Make sure to check the listed ingredients to verify you are really making a change and not just changing brand names. You will quickly learn what your canary truly loves, and what they tend to ignore. You can then buy mixtures to meet their desires instead of cleaning up all the extra discarded seeds constantly.

By taking the time to learn your canary’s needs and choosing the proper canary seed you will be given great rewards. Your home will be filled with the music of a happy, content singing canary. Let you canary be your guide to getting the best value in seed, do not just look at the fancy labels and prices.

Tips Regarding Canary Cages

Do you believe all canary cages are created equal? If they can keep the bird caged inside they are adequate? It might be true for you, but for your canary, it makes a big difference on what type of cage you select.

When you watch television you often see birds in round cages. The cages are decorative and look like the perfect idea for displaying your bird. It is not the perfect idea to your canary. They are not wanting to fly around in circles. They prefer a rectangular or square cage and will thrive in them.

canary cages

How To Choose The Size Of A Cage

You often find small cages in pet stores and pet supply centers. These cages look great for keeping everything out of the way. They present a big problem for your canary. Canary cages should be large. A good starting size is a 16-inch square larger, for one bird. They need plenty of room to fly around the cage. The Canaries are not well suited for a free flight around your home, so all of their exercises occurs within the cage.

Another mistake many new canary owners make is buying a cage with only one perch. Your canary needs multiple perches of different sizes inside their cage. This allows them to hop from location to location and to vary the grip size of their feet. This leads to healthier feet and a happier bird.

Choose a Separate Cage For Males And Females

If you are considering having both a male and female canary you may wish to consider a split cage. These large over-sized cages can have a divider in the center. This allows you to give each bird a separate area to keep them happy. When it approaches time for breeding you remove the divider allowing the two to start interacting. This type of cage is ideal if you have plenty of room for the large cage. If not, consider having two normal sized cages you can move closer together before breeding season begins.

Other items you must take into consideration as you are buying canary cages should include ease of cleaning, ease of access to add food, and accessories. Make sure your cage has a removable tray to take out for cleaning on a regular basis. Your bird will produce plenty of waste, and a removable tray makes cleanup very easy. Your main accessories for a canary include the water bottle, added perches, and proper food bowls. Make sure to have at least two food trays. One for their bird seed, and one for fresh green vegetables. You need to add a cuttlebone to the cage, too. One final accessory which is not in the cage full-time is the bird bath. Your canary desires frequent bathing, as often as daily in the warm summer months.

Your selection of canary cages is one of the most important items in having a happy singing canary. If they have a clean, large, safe place to live, they will sing with joy. If they are cramped, and their cage is dirty, they will sulk and be silent. Choose the largest cage you can for your planned area and you will be well on the way to having a very happy canary.

Singing Canaries

There is no sound quite like singing canaries. They have a large range of notes, learn new songs readily, and fill your home with beautiful music. Before you run to the pet store and buy just any canary, you need to make sure you are going to buy the right one.

Walking into a pet store and hearing all the singing canaries you are going to believe every one of them is adding to the noise. Make sure you watch the birds closely and visit with the store owner carefully before making your selection. If you want to hear beautiful singing in your home you must buy a male canary. The female is likely to only fill your home with chirps.

The challenge comes from the fact there are no visible clues to whether a bird is male or female. The biggest indicator is when a female lays eggs. The only other relatively safe clue is watching the birds and determining which ones are actually singing. If you know a bird is singing, it is probably a male and a safe purchase.

Looking at all the canaries in a pet store can be a bit dizzying. There are many different varieties ranging from show birds like the Yorkshire to the simple common canary. If your desire is to have an easy to care for a pet, who provides you with beautiful music stay away from the show birds and choose a common canary. They are hardier, often sing more beautifully, and are less expensive.

One of the common problems canary owners run into is when their male stops singing. They become worried something is wrong with their bird. Most commonly this is an indication molting has started. You will begin noticing feathers falling away to be replaced by new feathers. During this time your male will quit singing.

The Canaries will also quit singing when they are unhappy. Make sure you are always providing them with plenty of fresh bird seed, fresh water, and a cuttlebone. Along with those standard items, make sure to offer your canary fresh greens like lettuce and cucumber in another food dish.

Make sure you give you canary water bowl every day or two for bathing. They love to bathe, and if this is missed they will become irritated and possibly quit singing.

An added reason your canary may be unhappy is if you are keeping them in a smaller cage. A cage of approximately 16 inches square is ideal for one bird.

One other thing to help your bird feel happy and to start singing again is to have recordings of other canaries singing. They will hear the added sounds and join in with the others. Having two canaries in cages near each other can help, also.

Singing Canaries are a joy to add to any home. They are very simple to care for, provide great beauty, and add wonderful music to your home. Your canary will provide you with many years of enjoyment and song.

singing canaries

American Singer Canary

The American Singer Canary is prized as one of the finest singing canaries you can own. They have been specially bred to enhance their ability to sing. If you want to fill your home with a variety of beautiful sounds, this is the canary to choose.

The American Singer Canary is considered to be the canary with the widest range of notes, and the easiest to teach new songs. Their desire to learn a song is bred so strongly they begin learning songs almost immediately upon hatching. The drive is so intensely bred into the Singer even young hens may sing, which is very rare in the canary world.

Your American Singer canary learns new songs by hearing other canaries sing. This is especially true for a new chick. Since the father may not be singing if he is still with the female, you will need to be prepared to supply them with the songs you wish them to learn. You have two easy methods to take care of the situation. The first is to have another male which is not currently caged with a female. Put the bird in the vicinity of the young chicks, and soon they will begin to learn his songs. Make sure the male is a high quality singer, or your chicks will learn to sing songs you would prefer not to hear.

The second method is to provide the chicks with a recording of other American Singers. Make sure you choose the highest quality recording possible, with the highest quality songs you would like your chicks to learn. This method is effective for about 4 to 6 weeks. After this time you must have a singing male nearby to continue their education.

One big warning to American Singers. Do not put them on birds you do not want them to imitate. This includes other Singers or any other canaries with low-quality songs. Your American Singer canary will just as easily learn bad sounds as good sounds.

If you are not planning to show the bird, then you can have even more fun. Your canary can begin to learn tunes you repetitively whistle around them. You can have them learning the opening songs to movies, TV shows, and other fun songs.

You would believe by the emphasis being placed on singing, this canary may have no other great values. This would be far from the truth. They are a beautiful bird, decorated in bright yellow feathers, often highlighted with other colors such as black or white. They are a lively fun bird to have in your home. You will discover them joyfully singing, flying, and proudly displaying their beauty to you.

Other than being careful about what your American Singer canary hears, you care for them in an identical fashion to any other canary. The advantage to having the Singers is in the beautiful music which will bless your home. The American singer is unmatched for the quality of song by any other bird in the canary family.

Female Canary

Did you buy a couple canaries because you hope to breed them? Do you have any idea which is the female canary and which is the male? Are you sure you have one of both?

The canaries present a major challenge for most owners. You can go to a pet shop, buy from a long-term canary owner, and even good breeders and still end up with the wrong birds. The Canaries are very difficult for anyone to determine their sex except for a trained veterinary. Even then it is not by looking at the Canaries, it would require a minor surgical procedure, or testing of the bird’s feces.

If it is this difficult how are you ever going to make sure you have a male and female canary? One of the easiest, but not fool-proof methods, of identifying the gender is by listening to them sing. Most females only chirp, or have lower quality singing. A male canary will sing beautifully. Their voice is one of their attraction methods to call females for mating. This is going to be one of the best methods to attempt to tell them apart.

There is one big problem with using singing as your method. Some females can sing. Females with higher testosterone levels, whether naturally, or induced, will sing very similar to a male. A high level would be extremely rare, and since most pet stores and breeders are very upstanding you are unlikely to run into this issue.

The only way you are going to finally be sure is when your pair of birds start mating. Before you reach this stage, you need to do a little preparation.

As you are preparing for mating your birds, do not keep them caged together. Have them in separate cages beside each other. The two birds will become accustomed to each other, without the temptations to fight.

Another important lead up to mating is in their diet. Make sure to give them the highest quality seeds and feed as you prepare your birds. This helps trigger mating and produces the highest quality eggs and offspring.

Your female canary may surprise you. You are likely to see anywhere from two to six eggs. She will lay one egg each day. Some breeders highly recommend removing the male after all the eggs have been laid. Other breeders are just as adamant you should leave the male, since often they help care for the female while she is brooding the eggs.

The eggs take approximately 14 days to hatch. If you removed the male, then return him to the cage after the eggs hatch. He will assist the female canary in caring and feeding for all their young chirping babies.

Once you have seen your female canary lay eggs, you can finally with certainty know you have identified the sex of your two canaries. Mother Nature knew the answer all along, she just wanted you to play along with the game.

Yorkshire Canary

A Yorkshire canary is one of the most prized birds to add to your home. It is one of the favorite birds in shows, and for display around the world. What makes the Yorkshire so special?

Breeding is the secret to this exciting bird. The Yorkshire canary is not a naturally occurring bird. This breed was developed over many years around the mid-1800’s. This canary was bred to take the best aspects of the Norwich, Lancashire, and Belgian canaries creating an exciting new breed. The name Yorkshire comes from the location of the first showing of this important breed, Yorkshire, England.

To meet the standards of a Yorkshire requires careful breeding and planning. If you want to raise show birds you will need to work diligently at culling off birds who do not meet the high standards. The feathers need to be soft and consistent. The color must meet the bright golden yellow coloring. If your stock includes birds with less than perfect feathers, you would need to remove them from breeding. The desired size of a Yorkshire canary is 6.75 inches long. Breeding birds are normally a bit larger, around 7.25 to 7.50 inches long. Show birds are not penalized or eliminated for being slightly oversize but need to stay near the standard.

Another trait which stands out about the Yorkshire is their stance. When standing this canary looks almost rigid. Their tail feathers should be pointing downwards toward 7 o’clock, while their head points at five minutes past the hour. This very upright, straight appearance is one of the more prized traits of the Yorkshire.

One feature you will notice quickly on any top of the line Yorkshire is their very thin waist. The bird has a powerful looking head and chest but narrows to a very slender, tiny stomach.

The Yorkshire canary will require you to use a larger cage, and if you are providing a nest, a larger nest. At approximately 7 inches, they are the longest of all the canary breeds. Make sure you give them plenty of room to move around their cage.

As with any other canary, it is important you provide your bird with high-quality food and plenty of fresh water. A Yorkshire can be a little more demanding on food quality and requirements. Being a slightly larger bird expect them to consume a little more food and water.

You can treat your Yorkshire in identical fashion to other varieties of canaries. The males can provide you with great singing to brighten your home. Their beautiful colors, feathers, and stance make a very enjoyable and prized display in your home.

While you may never have any intentions on breeding, or taking your bird to shows, having a bird which meets the standards set for a Yorkshire canary will give you the most beautiful bird you can imagine. If you are only going to add one or two canaries to your home, consider the Yorkshire, it stands apart as one of the most beautiful birds you will ever find.

yorkshire canary

Red Canary

The red canary has become one of the most popular breeds. With their bright red-orange coloration, beauty in flight, and pleasant songs they are great for both shows and for your home.

The red canary is not a natural canary. This is a bird which has been specially bred to have this unique coloration. You will not find any red-colored canaries in the wild.

The history of the red canary starts back in the 1920’s with a geneticist, Han Duncker, who only theorized you could create a red colored canary by interbreeding a canary with the Venezuelan Black Hooded Red Siskin, and type of finch. Shortly after his theory was published canary breeders decided to put the theory to the test. They were able to successfully breed the red factor into their breeding canaries, successfully starting a completely new breed.

This successful introduction of red into the canary family began an entire series of new genetic experiments which led to the formation of the Canary Colour Breeders Association. They endeavored to create new exciting colors of canaries and to bring their new breeds onto the show tours.

It quickly became apparent breeders were often mixing ingredients into their bird feed to increase the level of coloration after molting, which led to changes in many rules in the show tours. The naturally bred coloration or the red canary has remained highly desirable and is a favorite on the show tours.

One challenge to owning a red canary is if you intend to do any breeding. Since this is not a naturally occurring genetic make-up it takes special care and efforts to successfully breed red canaries. If you are just starting out breeding, you may wish to get started on an easier variety and then move into the red canaries after you are more experienced.

Red canaries are great fun to have in your home. They are a very lively bird who happily fly and hop around their cage. They have pretty voices but are not specifically bred to have outstanding singing qualities.

The red canary will grow to approximately 5.5 inches long, making them an easily manageable size. Make sure to provide them plenty of room in their cage. As with most varieties of canaries, the cage should be rectangular and at least 16” deep.

If you have made the decision you wish to own a red canary you may need to do a little extra looking. Not every pet store will carry these specially bred birds. Most of them will have the ability to order the bird for you. You may wish to ask at the pet store or check online, for local canary breeders. They will be able to get you in contact with a breeder who specializes in the red canary.

Having a red canary will give you a more interesting, unique bird in your home. A bird you which is easy to take care of, and very resistant to disease. It is worth your time to do a little searching to find a quality breeder and get one of these beautiful canaries.

red canary

Orange Canary

Would you love to see a flaming orange fire flitting through your bird cage? This is exactly what you will have with an orange canary. They are a beautiful sight, and almost as pleasant to hear.

The orange canary is another of the specially bred varieties of canaries. Their solid orange color was first captured in the early 1600’s by monks. They were very careful to protect their rare birds by only selling the males. Eventually, a group of Italians began breeding the orange canary, which then quickly spread to England and worldwide. The orange canary was a prized bird, often only owned by the most influential people.

Luckily for all of us, the orange canary is no longer such a rare commodity. It is a variety of bird you can add to your home with ease through many different breeders, pet stores, or other owners.

As you start looking to add an orange canary make sure you keep in mind only the males are going to sing. If you want to fill your home with beautiful music, then get a boy.

A common mistake many canary owners make is putting their male and a female together all the time. Then they start pulling their hair out trying to figure out why he is not singing. Why would he sing? He has what he was singing for. He wanted to find a mate. He is finished attracting a female, she is right in the cage beside him. They are alone with no competition.

You will have greater success and happier birds if you keep them in separate cages with a little distance between them. Your male will know a female is around and will work diligently to attract her. She will enjoy the social communication. You may even end up with the two birds becoming mates and producing chicks. The best way to let them reproduce is to move the cages together for a few weeks prior to the mating season, then put them in the same cage until the hen lays eggs. You may wish to remove the male for a while at this time until the eggs are hatched in about two weeks. Then reintroduce the male orange canary to help the female in feeding their family.

What else should you expect from your orange canary? They are a very active breed. Make sure the cage is as large as possible for your area. They love to fly around the cage and get exercise. Have a minimum of two perches of different sizes, preferably more. You will enjoy watching the antics of your orange ball of flame leaping around the cage playfully.

Feeding an orange canary is identical to any other canary. Make sure you provide them with canary food which contains a wide variety of seeds. Add in a good cuttlestone for maintaining their beak. In a second food, dish adds fresh vegetables, lettuce, mustard greens, and other green leafy foods are ideal. This helps your canary stay healthy. The other critical factor is keeping fresh water, replacing it daily.

Your orange canary will be very hardy, active, and fun to have in your home. It is one of the most beautiful breeds of canary and should be on your short list of canary choices.


Leave a Comment